Área de Desarrollo Agropecuario Sustentable, Departamento de Biología de la Reproducción, División de Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud
Área de Probabilidad y Estadística, Departamento de Matemáticas, División de Ciencias Básicas e Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Avenida San Rafael Atlixco No 186, Colonia Vicentina. Iztapalapa CP 09340 México DF
Backyard pig raising in two municipalities of Mexico City
A strategy to alleviate poverty
In the metropolitan area of the Mexican Valley a total of 30 cooperative pigs producers were studied.
The pig production was considered as complementary activity of the family income and the available area oscillate in the range of 20-60 m2. The family distribution per house lives one family with (32%), two (48%) and up three families (19%). The houses are provided with 100% of basic services such as: water, electric power, drainage, and pavement) that are offered by the local authorities. The pig producers mixed the activity with commerce (up 50%) and 10% reported as unemployed. The education level includes primary studies (47%) and secondary school (47%). The pig activity involves the whole family. Most of the swine producers (60%) breed their own animals after weaning for their sale and 40% fatten the pigs.
The number pig range reported were from 1 to 4 (65%), 5 to 10 (29%) and up10 (6%). Most of pig producers reported pure races for example: Landrace, Pietraine and Yorkshire and just a smaller percentage produce their own hybrid. The animals are feeding with several products like: balanced food (10%), hard tortilla (23%), organic waste from the house/restaurant (20%) and by-products (such as: chicken viscera and blood, 14%). All the animals are vaccinated against the cholera and in less proportion respiratory (62%) and in a lesser quantity digestive (20%) were reported by the producers. The main place of commercialisation was the slaughterhouse (60%), middlemen (27%) and the local market (13%). An important number of pig producers sacrifice the animals in the house and trade the meat cooking it as carnitas and/or prepare it in tacos, which is traditional food consumption. 80% of pig producers reported that the activity contributed with about 10 to 30% of the family income. The space restrictions limit the productivity in the production and this way of production is analyzed as a restrictive factor aspect that is referred to the public health.
city of Mexico, production of pigs, urban agriculture
Citation of this paper
Rivera J, Losada H, Cortés J, Grande D, Vieyra J, Castillo A y González R O 2007: Cerdos de traspatio como estrategia para aliviar pobreza en dos municipios conurbados al oriente de la Ciudad de Mexico. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 19, Article #96. Retrieved printDate()August 10, 2007, from http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd19/7/rive19096.htm